FAQs: Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) Family of Documents

What is Integrated Project Delivery (IPD)?

Integrated project delivery (IPD) is a collaborative project delivery approach that utilizes the talents and insights of all project participants through all phases of design and construction. 

The AIA provides agreements for three levels of integrated project delivery. Transitional Forms are modeled after existing construction manager agreements and offer a comfortable first step into integrated project delivery. The Multi-Party Agreement is a single agreement that the parties can use to design and construct a project utilizing integrated project delivery. The Single Purpose Entity (SPE) creates a limited liability company for the purpose of planning, designing and constructing the project. The SPE allows for complete sharing of risk and reward in a fully integrated collaborative process. AIA documents for IPD can be used on large private sector commercial projects.

The AIA also publishes an Integrated Project Delivery Practice Guide and provides standard agreements for these three types of IPD. 

 

The Transitional Forms, modeled after existing construction manager agreements and offer a comfortable first step into IPD:

A195™–2008, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Contractor for Integrated Project Delivery

A295™–2008, General Conditions of the Contract for Integrated Project Delivery, and

B195™–2008, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Architect for Integrated Project Delivery

A295–2008 is a general conditions document based on A201®–2007. B195–2008 is a standard form owner/architect agreement based on B102–2007. A195–2008 is a standard form owner/contractor agreement, where the contractor is paid on a cost-plus basis with a guaranteed maximum price, based on A102–2007.

 

The Multi-Party Agreement, a single agreement that the parties can use to design and construct a project utilizing IPD:

C191™–2009, Standard Form Multi-Party Agreement for Integrated Project Delivery

 

The Single Purpose Entity (SPE) Agreements, create a limited liability company for the purpose of planning, designing and constructing the project in a fully integrated and collaborative process:

C195™ – 2008, Standard Form Single Purpose Entity Agreement for Integrated Project Delivery

C196™ – 2008, Standard Form of Agreement Between Single Purpose Entity and Owner for Integrated Project Delivery

C197™ – 2008, Standard Form of Agreement Between Single Purpose Entity and Non-Owner Member for Integrated Project Delivery

C198™ – 2010, Standard Form of Agreement Between Single Purpose Entity and Consultant for Integrated Project Delivery

C199™ – 2010, Standard Form of Agreement Between Single Purpose Entity and Contractor for Integrated Project Delivery

 

How is Building Information Modeling used in the AIA’s IPD agreements?

In both the SPE and the Transitional IPD agreements, parties are required to utilize building information modeling (BIM) to the greatest extent practicable. In order to facilitate the use of BIM, the owner, architect, and contractor under the Transitional forms and the members under the SPE are required to meet and delineate the types of software to be used on the project and establish protocols, standards, and tolerances as may be required. 

Under the Transitional IPD agreements, the architect is responsible for the integration and coordination of the models throughout the design and construction of the project. In the SPE agreement, the control of the BIM is for the members to agree upon.

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