AIA Document E201™–2022 serves as an exhibit to be used by all Project Participants using Building Information Modeling (BIM) on a Project. E201-2022 is intended to be used when Project Participants agree that some Model Versions will be enumerated as a Contract Document. E201-2022 allows the Project Participants to agree upon terms related to BIM, including Model uses, sharing, and reliance. E201-2022 also includes terms related to insurance for BIM and Digital Data risks, as well as terms for non-BIM Digital Data. E201-2022 requires the Project Participants to complete and adhere to a BIM Execution Plan, such as AIA Document G203-2022.
Changes from the Previous Version.
AIA Document E201-2022 is the indirect successor document to E203–2013. Among the many changes, the most significant change is that E201–2022 includes a selection choice in Article 2 whereby the Project Participants can elect to allow a Model Version to be enumerated as a Contract Document. As explained below and in the Digital Practice Documents Guide, this is a significant decision and should be made carefully with the advice of legal and insurance counsel.
Date. The date represents the date the Exhibit becomes effective. It may be the date an original oral agreement was reached, the date of actual execution, or some other date.
Parties. Since E201-2022 is an Exhibit to an Agreement, the Parties are identified, using their full addresses and legal names, in the Agreement. E201-2022 is intended to be negotiated early in the contract negotiation process – typically when the first Agreement, or set of Agreements, is being negotiated. The Exhibit is then attached to that first Agreement or set of Agreements. As additional Project Participants are added to the Project via separate Agreements, the previously-negotiated E201-2022 is attached to each new Agreement. Thus, each time the previously-negotiated E201-2022 is attached to an Agreement, the defined terms “Parties” and “Agreement” will change, but the other terms of the Exhibit will not. For example, an Owner may first hire an Architect to design a building, and then may hire a Contractor to construct it. In that scenario, the Owner and Architect may have negotiated the E201-2022 and, when it is attached to their Agreement, the “Parties” are defined as the Owner and Architect. Then, when the Owner hires the Contractor, the same E201 is attached to the Owner-Contractor Agreement but, in that Exhibit, the “Parties” are defined as the Owner and the Contractor.
Agreement. The Agreement is the Agreement to which the E201-2022 is attached. As explained above, since the E201-2022 is negotiated once but potentially attached to many separate Agreements, the defined terms “Agreement” and “Parties” will change to mean the specific Agreement (and the Parties to that Agreement) to which the E201-2022 is attached, but the other terms of the E201-2022 will not change.
Project. Describe the Project by including (1) the official name or title of the facility, and (2) the location or address, if known.
Article 1 General Provisions
- 1.2 Section 1.2 sets forth the various defined terms that are used throughout the E201-2022. Since other documents within the Digital Documents family, such as the G203-2022 BIM Execution Plan, incorporate the definitions from the Exhibit, it is important to carefully consider any changes made to definitions.
- 1.2.4 Confidential Digital Data is a subset of Digital Data that has been identified as “confidential.” Identifications may be made in the subject line of an e-mail message attaching a file containing Confidential Digital Data, or may embed the identification in the file itself, or may be made by some other method. Designating Digital Data as “confidential” allows the Parties to protect different types of sensitive business information or practices, as well as intellectual property, from disclosure or use beyond that required in furtherance of the Project.
Article 2 Model Uses, Sharing, and Reliance
- 2.1 Section 2.1 provides that the terms related to sharing, using, and relying upon a Model or Model Portion are set forth in Articles 2 and 3 of E201-2022.
- 2.2 Section 2.2 contains a check box selection whereby the Parties can determine how they will develop and use Models on the Project. The Parties are instructed to check all of the boxes that apply for their Project, and to describe the selected use.
- 2.3 Section 2.3 introduces a new concept imbedded within the 2022 versions of the Digital Practice Documents: Sharing Tiers. The Tiers are defined below in Section 2.3.
- 2.3.1 Sharing Tier One is described as situations when a Model Author intends to share its Model Portion with other Project Participants but does not intend to permit any reliance on that Model Portion.
- 2.3.2 Sharing Tier Two is described as situations when a Model Author intends to share its Model Portion with other Project Participants and also intends for there to be some level of reliance on that Model Portion, subject to the reliance and authorization provisions of Section 2.5 of E201-2022. Notably, Section 2.3.2 provides that no Version of a Model Portion designated as Tier Two shall be enumerated as a Contract Document; this is the distinguishing factor between Tier Two and Tier Three.
- 2.3.3 Sharing Tier Three is described as situations when a Model Author intends to share its Model Portion with other Project Participants and also intends for there to be some level of reliance on that Model Portion, subject to the reliance and authorization provisions of Section 2.5 of E201-2022. Notably, Section 2.3.3 provides that Versions of a Model Portion designated as Tier Two may be enumerated as a Contract Document; this is the distinguishing factor between Tier Two and Tier Three.
- 2.4 Sharing Tier Table. Section 2.4 is the table in which the Parties make Sharing Tier selections for each Model Portion. The Parties may designate their Model Portions by discipline, trade, area, location, phase, or other description as appropriate for their Project. Included in Table 2.4 is a listing of the Model Author and the Sharing Tier.
Article 3 BIM Execution Plan
- 3.1 In Section 3.1, the Parties select the Project Participant who will be responsible for preparing and updating the BIM Execution Plan. Under this section, the Architect is the default Project Participant who will be responsible for preparing and updating the BIM Execution Plan, but the Parties can identify another Project Participant if they choose. Section 3.1 also gives the Parties the ability to select multiple Project Participants to update the BIM Execution Plan at different Project milestones.
- 3.2 In Section 3.2, the Parties select the BIM Execution Plan that they will use for the Project. The three selections from which the Parties choose are (1) the AIA G203-2022 BIM Execution Plan, with G204-2022 Model Element Table; (2) the AIA G203-2022 BIM Execution Plan, with a custom model element table; or (3) other, in accordance with Section 3.2.1. The first two of these selections include the AIA G203-2022 with either the AIA’s Model Element Table (G204-2022) or a custom model element table, while the third option gives Parties the ability to use their own BIM Execution Plan and their own model element table. E201-2022 presumes that a BIM Execution Plan will be used. Therefore, if Parties select the third option – to use their own BIM Execution Plan – then E201-2022 provides that the BIM Execution Plan shall contain the information listed in Section 3.2.1.
- 3.2.1 Section 3.2.1 contains the list of information that shall be included in the Parties’ BIM Execution Plan. If the Parties select the AIA’s G203-2022 BIM Execution Plan, all of this information is already contained therein. However, if the Parties elect to use their own BIM Execution Plan, then, at a minimum, it shall contain the information listed in Section 3.2.1. Subsection 10 of Section 3.2.1 provides a space where the Parties can list other types of information or items that shall be included in their BIM Execution Plan.
- 3.6 It is typical for BIM Execution Plans to be prepared after Agreements, and exhibits thereto, are negotiated and executed. Therefore, Article 3 of E201-2022 provides that Parties are required to review the BIM Execution Plan, and any updates thereto. If, after reviewing the BIM Execution Plan, a Party has objections thereto or believes that the protocols established therein will result in a change in the Party’s scope of work or services warranting an adjustment in compensation, contract sum, schedule, or contract time, then they must provide notice. Section 3.6 provides that notice shall be provided within thirty days of receipt of the BIM Execution Plan, unless the Parties choose another notice period.
Article 5 Non-BIM Digital Data
- 5.1 Digital Data is defined in E201-2022 as “information created or stored for the Project in digital form.” Therefore, E201-2022 anticipates that Parties may utilize Digital Data for their Project that is both part of a Model (such as Model Elements), and not part of a Model (such as emails and text messages). Section 5.1 deals specifically with Digital Data that is not part of a Model, and provides that Parties will use their own protocols for creation, storage, management, archiving, and sharing of that Digital Data. If Parties wish to follow joint protocols for the management of Non-BIM Digital Data, then they can describe those protocols in Section 5.1.
Article 6 Ownership, Sharing, and Security of Digital Data
- 6.6 Different projects may require different levels of data security. Therefore, Section 6.6 provides a space for the Parties to identify any data security measures that are appropriate for the Project.
Article 7 Insurance for BIM and Digital Data Risks
- 7.1 In addition to the data security measures identified in Section 6.6, and in addition to the insurance requirements set forth in the Agreement, the Parties may wish to require insurance that is specific to the BIM aspects of their Project. Accordingly, Section 7.1 allows the Parties to list any insurance coverage to be provided by all, or certain, Project Participants developing or using Models or Digital Data.
Article 8 Other Terms and Conditions
- 8.1 Section 8.1 provides a section for the Parties to indicate any special terms and conditions that modify the Exhibit.
- 8.2 Section 8.2 provides a listing of documents that comprise the Exhibit. Subsection 8.2.2 provides a section to list any additional documents that the Parties wish to comprise the Exhibit.
Modifications. Particularly with respect to professional or contractor licensing laws, building codes, taxes, monetary and interest charges, arbitration, indemnification, format and font size, AIA Contract Documents may require modification to comply with state or local laws. Users are encouraged to consult an attorney before completing or modifying a document.
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